Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsBiology · 1 month ago

Microbiome question?

In general, we think that bacteria on or in the body are a “bad” thing. However, we normally retain bacteria in the intestine for specific reasons. Provide a short discussion of the functions of these bacteria. How can our dietary intake support the functions of the intestinal bacteria?

2 Answers

  • 1 month ago
    Favourite answer

    The digestive tract is composed of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. 

    The mouth breaks down food physically (chewing) and chemically (enzymes). 

    The food then goes to the esophagus. The esophagus performs peristalsis which is moving the food from the esophagus to the stomach with smooth muscle contractions by the parasympethic nervous system.

    The food enters the stomach and the stomach convert the food into a mass of partially digested food and fluid called chyme. 

    The chyme passes to the small intestine where the small intestine tries to obsorb as much nutrients from the food as it can before the food goes to the large intestine. 

    ***The food now enters the large intestine. The large intestine contain gut bacteria cells called gut flora, or microflora. These bacteria cells will take any extra water and electrolytes not absorb from the small intestine and convert it to energy so the body can use it.

  • Gut Bacteria act to break down food more efficiently as a symbiotic relationship. 

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