what is the meaning of this sentence? The emphasis was a philosophical one, with great thinkers such as Socrates ?
what does "the emphasis" mean here?
Psychology is really a very new science, with most advances happening over the past 150 years or so. However, its origins can be traced back to ancient Greece, 400 – 500 years BC.
The emphasis was a philosophical one, with great thinkers such as Socrates (470 BC – 399 BC)
influencing Plato (428/427 BC – 348/347 BC), who in turn influenced Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC).
- Elaine MLv 71 month agoFavourite answer
- j153eLv 71 month ago
"Emphasis" in ancient Greece and Rome was more observational (e.g., the scientism of Aristotle arose of his observations; typically, he did not run controlled experiments).
So if you or your instructor are interested in learning how these individuals and cultures reasoned--which understanding may bring greater insight into their reasoning--"emphasis" for these was related to that which literally "put on a show" (Greek phainein, to show, ---> en (in) + phainein).
"Focus" shows a similar "ancient" (pre-experimental) - "modern" (Newtonian, et al.) difference. In classical Roman usage, their word for the hearth was "focus." The 17th century German genius Johannes Kepler's work in optics (the inverse square law of the intensity of light, the principles of the camera, etc.) led to the modern usage of "focus."
So, in fine, if your emphasis is to perceive other perspectives in your own culture-speak terms and frame of reference, using 21st century "focus as a laser" will give you an understanding, but it will in this example be in the modern mode of understanding "emphasis." E.g. Socrates (as portrayed by Plato in his "Apology (of Socrates)") gives a defense of his "divine something"--daimonion--which was for Socrates a voice indicating a potential error of judgment on Socrates' part. This is again a more receptive or observing of a spiritual event "focus," rather than a more 19th-21st century era interpretation based off experiments indicating a strong individual "superego," etc.