Are Bonobo chimps born w/the innate desire to settle conflicts w/sex,or is it learned from their parents and peers?

1 Answer

  • Anonymous
    5 months ago

    Bonobos evolved from common chimps, and they are very different from chimps in many ways. Bonobo troops are led by females, not males, and there is little conflict between neighboring troops. Male chimps kill males from neighboring troops and they are much bigger than females. Male bonobos are smaller than male common chimps. Male chimps will beat up females but bonobo females control the males by denying them sex if they do not behave themselves. Female chimps beg males for meat, and offer sex in exchange for meat. Male chimps hunt in groups and kill monkeys for their meat. Bonobos do not eat meat. Instead they get all the plant food they can eat each day very quickly and spend a lot of time just having sex. All these differences evolved because bonobos are found in a small area that has a lot of food but no competition from either the gorilla or the common chimp. Bonobos are found on a single bend of the Congo River, and the chimp and gorilla are found on the opposite side of the river. Since chimps and gorillas cannot swim, they cannot reach the bonobo's habitat. Bonobos are more likely to be found in the water, but they do not cross the river to the other side, where chimps and gorillas are found. 

    The gorilla occupies habitat similar to the bonobos, and they spend very little time looking for food. Male gorillas spend the time playing with young gorillas. Male chimps do not play with young chimps and they spend more time looking for food, especially prey animals, because their habitat does not have as much plants to eat. Chimps are excluded from the best habitats in the area they live in by the stronger gorilla. The differences between chimps and bonobos evolved as adaptations to their different habitats, and much of it is instinct, although learning also plays a part. 

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