Josh asked in Arts & HumanitiesPhilosophy · 10 months ago

Plato and Neitzsche on the role of reason in human life ?

can anyone help answer these questions:

What is Plato’s view about the role that reason should play in human life? 

Would Nietzsche agree with Plato? 

Would Nietzsche either agree or disagree with Plato and why?

1 Answer

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  • j153e
    Lv 7
    10 months ago

    Plato's metaphor of the soul and the chariot, and his analogy of the divided line; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chariot_Allegory

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analogy_of_the_divid...

    Nietzsche's tough love guru Zarathustra counsels that man is a work in progress:  "Man is a rope, tied between beast and overman--a rope over an abyss."  The abyss = Plato's dark horse; Zarathustra = the overman, Nietzsche's goal, Plato's wise charioteer.  Why is Nietzsche's philosophy more conflicted?  Because Nietzsche's personality was more conflicted.  Depending on how he woke up that day, Friedrich might agree or disagree; Plato would be more calm, more aware, or, in Nietzsche-speak, more awake:  "And once you are awake, you shall remain awake eternally."  Nietzsche, whether he consciously knew it or not, was speaking of the soul's awareness of Being, something Plotinus knew as One Mind Soul-realization.  While such awareness may appear insignificant to those who are on the ground floor of being, "The higher we soar the smaller we appear to those who cannot fly."  Plato:  "We ought to fly away from earth to heaven as quickly as we can; and to fly away is to become like God, as far as this is possible; and to become like him is to become holy, just, and wise." (= Nietzsche's overman)

    So, be cautious not to simplistically oppose Plato and Nietzsche; their difference is more due to Nietzsche's far-seeking or profound insight and hope, which reflects his schoolboy days of being the "little pastor" (as his classmates called him), who then unexpectedly lost his pastor father, and who then sought his own masculinity and identity via a series of mentors (Schopenhauer, Wagner), until he was able to outpicture his own wise man self in Zarathustra; Plato was blessed with a more noble, functional family, and thus won his way to eternal insights as a nietzschean "overman" or maslowian self-actualizer without the Sturm und Drang the strong-willed Nietzsche suffered through as a type of world historical figure in his time of cultural change.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maslow's_hierarchy_o...

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