Was parmenides right about the universe? Is it possible he is right?
- 10 months ago
half right, I think the universe always has both change and no change. They coexist like environmental factor and genes. Both of them exist.
- Anonymous10 months ago
No. The universe changes continuously. Parmenides [name properly capitalized] believed the universe was unchanging. However, he was right in saying that existence is timeless.
- j153eLv 710 months ago
Generally, degrees of possibility of hypotheses express degrees of potency: Latin posse, to be able, from PIE *poti-, powerful, lord.
So, degrees of possibility for Parmenides' general hypothesis, which is, simply, That which is, is; that which is not, is not. A further explication: That which is, must be; that which is not, cannot be.
There is a logical shift between that which is or is not, and that which must be or cannot be. On the first framing, the universe is tautological: what is, is. The second framing is more difficult of proof, as anyone seeking to prove it must first be cognizant of what is-ness is: namely geometrized energy forms and their processes. The processes are what post-Parmenides physics is about: how energy transforms, as well as the discernable aspects of geometrized or quantum energy.
Parmenides' Goddess cautions against the "wandering understanding" characteristic of mortal mindedness. Parmenides' search is attentive to Truth as fundamental being, and perhaps ironically his logic wanders from the certitude of is-ness to the hypothesis that what is, (must) be, and, more tellingly, that which isn't, cannot be. This is pure determinism, and as such is not refuted by modern physics at the most geometrically granular levels able to be quantified. This is true inasmuch as modern physics posits energy is neither created nor destroyed (although not yet understanding what energy is). However, the clever and somewhat risible paradoxes of Zeno of Elea are possible inasmuch as they deny the modern four-dimensionality awareness of change incrementally occurring at granular levels in time-space, i.e., the infinitesimality of change. As such, the paradoxes are without the first framing of isness as energy, simply considering is-ness as object.
Return to the One: Plotinus's Guide to God-Realization, and, by the same author, God's Whisper, Creation's Thunder: Echoes of Spiritual Reality in the New Physics.