- 9 months ago
What an amazing question! One that is on the mind of many.
Who Authored the Bible?
The Bible’s Viewpoint
Who Authored the Bible?
THE Bible is frank about who penned its contents. Different parts of this book begin with such phrases as “the words of Nehemiah,” “the vision of Isaiah,” and “the word of Jehovah that occurred to Joel.” (Nehemiah 1:1; Isaiah 1:1; Joel 1:1) Certain histories are identified as the work of Gad, Nathan, or Samuel. (1 Chronicles 29:29) The superscriptions of several psalms identify their composers.—Psalms 79, 88, 89, 90, 103, and Ps 127.
Because humans were used to write the Bible, skeptics say that it is simply the product of human wisdom, like any other book. But is that opinion soundly based?
Forty Writers, One Author
Most Bible writers acknowledged that they wrote in the name of Jehovah, the one true God, and that they were guided by him or by an angelic representative. (Zechariah 1:7, 9) Prophets who wrote the Hebrew Scriptures proclaimed more than 300 times: “This is what Jehovah has said.” (Amos 1:3; Micah 2:3; Nahum 1:12) Many of their writings open with phrases such as “the word of Jehovah that occurred to Hosea.” (Hosea 1:1; Jonah 1:1) Concerning God’s prophets, the apostle Peter stated: “Men spoke from God as they were borne along by holy spirit.”—2 Peter 1:21.
The Bible, then, is a composite but unified book written by many men who acknowledged that the one behind their writings was God. To put it another way, God used human secretaries to pen his thoughts. How did he do this?
“Inspired of God”
“All Scripture is inspired of God,” explained the apostle Paul. (2 Timothy 3:16) The Greek word rendered “inspired of God” literally means “God-breathed.” That is, God used an invisible force to influence the minds of human writers, transmitting his message to them. In the case of the Ten Commandments, however, Jehovah himself inscribed the words on stone tablets. (Exodus 31:18) Sometimes God dictated his message directly to human servants. Says Exodus 34:27: “Jehovah went on to say to Moses: ‘Write down for yourself these words . . .’”
On other occasions, God caused men to see visions of what he wanted them to record. Thus, Ezekiel said: “I began to see visions of God.” (Ezekiel 1:1) Likewise, “Daniel himself beheld a dream and visions of his head upon his bed. At that time he wrote down the dream itself.” (Daniel 7:1) The last book of the Bible, Revelation, was transmitted to the apostle John in a similar way. John wrote: “By inspiration I came to be in the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a strong voice like that of a trumpet, saying: ‘What you see write in a scroll.’”—Revelation 1:10, 11.
The Human Touch
Divine inspiration did not take away a writer’s individuality. In fact, personal effort was required to pen God’s message. The writer of the Bible book of Ecclesiastes, for instance, stated that he “sought to find the delightful words and the writing of correct words of truth.” (Ecclesiastes 12:10) To compile his historical record, Ezra consulted at least 14 sources, such as “the account of the affairs of the days of King David” and “the Book of the Kings of Judah and of Israel.” (1 Chronicles 27:24; 2 Chronicles 16:11) The Gospel writer Luke “traced all things from the start with accuracy, to write them in logical order.”—Luke 1:3.
Some Bible books reveal facets of the writer’s personality. For example, Matthew Levi, a tax collector prior to becoming one of Jesus’ disciples, paid special attention to numbers. He is the only Gospel writer to record that the price of Jesus’ betrayal was “thirty silver pieces.” (Matthew 27:3; Mark 2:14) Luke, a physician, accurately recorded medical details. For instance, when describing the condition of some of those whom Jesus healed, he used expressions such as “high fever” and “full of leprosy.” (Luke 4:38; 5:12; Colossians 4:14) So Jehovah often allowed writers to express themselves in their own words and style; yet, at the same time, he guided their minds so that the text was accurate and conveyed his message.—Proverbs 16:9.
The End Product
Is it not amazing that some 40 men, writing in a number of lands over a span of 1,600 years, produced a book that is completely harmonious in every respect and that contains a beautiful, consistent theme? (See “What Is the Bible About?” page 19.) This would be impossible if they were not all guided by one Author.
Was Jehovah obliged to use men to pen his Word? No. But his doing so was a manifestation of divine wisdom. Indeed, one of the reasons for the Bible’s universal appeal is that its writers convincingly express the full range of human emotions—in King David’s case, even the guilt of a repentant sinner who pleaded for God’s mercy.—Psalm 51:2-4, 13, 17, superscription.
Although Jehovah used human writers, we can have the same confidence in their work as did the early Christians, who accepted the Holy Scriptures “not as the word of men, but, just as it truthfully is, as the word of God.”—1 Thessalonians 2:13.
HAVE YOU WONDERED?
▪ Who is the Author of “all Scripture”?—2 Timothy 3:16.
▪ What methods has Jehovah God used to transmit his thoughts?—Exodus 31:18; 34:27; Ezekiel 1:1; Daniel 7:1.
▪ How are the personality and interests of inspired penmen reflected in what they wrote?—Matthew 27:3; Luke 4:38.
For more answers to your Bible questions go to jw.org>Library>Books and Brochures> What Can the Bible Teach Us? Chapter 2Source(s): jw.org
- Anonymous9 months ago
Anton Szandor LaVey
- 9 months ago
God wrote it and parys
- 9 months ago
it was written by britney spears and everyone else.
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- 9 months ago
- Anonymous9 months ago
The high-priest Hilkiah of Judah circa 627 BC had the king of Judah assassinated and led his six year old son Josiah away to be raised by himself. When the young king came of age, Hilkiah married the king to his own daughter and hid a Pious Forgery he had fabricated inside a hollow pillar in the Temple, which he then ordered workmen to "discover". That was the Bible. Suddenly people were hearing of "Moses" whom they had never heard of and all sorts of laws and prohibitions they had never heard of before, for the very first time, and they thereupon ran around Judah murdering and slaughtering lots of people because of Hilkiah's Pious Forgery. These mass murders were called the "Josiannic Reforms".Source(s): Second Kings chapters 22 and 23
- Annsan_In_HimLv 79 months ago
Moses is attributed as writing the first five books of the Hebrews scriptures though it is obvious that info after he had died was added by someone else, later! Other writers are:
Joshua - some bits by Joshua and others at his direct instructions.
Judges - Samuel and likely Nathan and Gad.
Ruth - unknown but tradition says Samuel (with added bits re. King David's era by unknown person).
1 & 2 Samuel - Zabud, son of Nathan (a personal advisor to King Solomon) using various sources.
1 & 2 Kings - Unknown.
1 & 2 Chronicles - Ezra.
Ezra - Ezra.
Nehemiah - Ezra.
Job – Unknown
Psalms - For some collections Asaph and the Sons of Korah. But many are identified as written by King David.
Proverbs - King Solomon and others like Agur son of Jakeh and King Lemuel.
Ecclesiastes - King Solomon, traditionally.
Song of Songs - King Solomon, traditionally.
Isaiah - Isaiah son of Amoz.
Jeremiah - Jeremiah the priest from Anathoth, with his scribe Baruch taking down the dictation.
Lamentations - Jeremiah, traditionally.
Ezekiel - Ezekiel.
Daniel - Daniel.
Hosea - Hosea son of Beeri.
Joel - Joel, son of Pethuel.
Amos - Amos from Tekoa.
Obadiah - Obadiah.
Jonah - Jonah son of Amittai from Gath Hepher.
Micah - Micah from Moresheth.
Nahum - Nahum from Elkosh.
Habakkuk - Habakkuk.
Zephaniah - Zephaniah, a 4th generation descendant of King Hezekiah.
Haggai - Haggai.
Zechariah - Zechariah the priest.
Malachi - Malachi, by tradition.
The New Testament (Christian Greek Scriptures) began to be written less than 30 years after Jesus' resurrection, the 4 gospels written by the apostle Matthew, the disciple Mark (who got his info from the apostle Peter), the Greek Christian doctor Luke, and the apostle John.
Other writers of the NT were the apostles Paul, Peter, James; Jude wrote a little epistle too. It's not known who wrote the letter to the Hebrews. The last part of the NT was finished by AD 95 at the latest, though there is reason to believe it must have been before the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple in AD 70. The fact that none of the NT writings even mention that horror indicates that first century Christians had all of the 27 writings of the NT prior to AD 70. After the 4 gospel writings come Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, Revelation.
Many of the 40 or so writers were highly educated (as was Moses), linguists (Paul), in political office (Daniel) and very knowledgeable about religion and history (Ezra). It took 1,600 years for all of the 66 books to be written, inspired by the Holy Spirit of God. Those who claim they were semi-literate desert goatherders display their ignorance.
- Roberta BLv 69 months ago
Humans inscribed the Bible, but our Creator gave them the message. Proof of that is in the fulfillment of prophecy. Jesus was born in Bethlehem, a fact that was prophesied by Micah (5:2) and was actually quoted for men who were looking for him as a baby (Matthew 2:1-7) In fact, a long prehistory of prophecies pointed to him as the Christ.
25 So he said to them: “O senseless ones and slow of heart to believe all the things the prophets have spoken! 26 Was it not necessary for the Christ to suffer these things+ and to enter into his glory?” 27 And starting with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them things pertaining to himself in all the Scriptures.
Man cannot do this with this level of accuracy. But God in his inspired word does.
Also, while the Egyptians, who founded one of the oldest human civilizations, used dung to treat their sick people (which made them sicker), the Hebrews were taught by God's law to bury it, and to wash their hands when eating or before coming before God in worship
And when pagans and believers in other gods taught and believed that the earth was held up by a giant elephant and a turtle, the Bible stated three thousand years ago that God was "hanging the earth upon nothing" (Job 26:7)
- PaulLv 79 months ago
A number of different authors in different time and places wrote the texts that eventually became the Bible. If you mean who compiled the Bible, put it together in the form of a single book, that would be the bishops of the Catholic Church, at the direction of the Pope, in the mid-4'th Century.
- 9 months ago
Table I gives an overview of the periods and dates ascribed to the various books of the Bible. ..... Jason most probably wrote in the mid to late 2nd century BCE, and the Epitomist before 63 BCE. 3 Maccabees · 3 ..... Forged: Writing in the Name of God—Why the Bible's Authors Are Not Who We Think They Are. HarperCollins.
Table I: Chronological ... · Table II: Hebrew Bible ... · Table IV: New Testament