There are waterspouts that occur offshore and can propel small fish and other small wildlife into the air, where they can rain down elsewhere including inland. This seems to be rare, and I have not seen any reports of this happening to large animals like some sharks. Sharks tend to move to deeper waters during severe weather, and it is unlikely that they would be propelled into the air by high winds or waterspouts. Of course, tsunamis, floods, and other wave action could take them inland some ways, perhaps stranding them far from shore. And some sharks like Bull Sharks can and do swim into rivers and other estuaries sometimes hundreds of miles upstream.