GOD, Moses, Aaron, the Pharaoh of Egypt, the Egyptian people, the "sons of Israel" numbering over 600,000 able-bodied men along with their families and a vast mixed company, foreigners residing in Egypt, settlers and hired laborers, prisoners, the first-born of any family (including...
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GOD, Moses, Aaron, the Pharaoh of Egypt, the Egyptian people, the "sons of Israel" numbering over 600,000 able-bodied men along with their families and a vast mixed company, foreigners residing in Egypt, settlers and hired laborers, prisoners, the first-born of any family (including first-born animals), the entire assembly of Israel, and all the gods of Egypt. (Basically, anyone living in Egypt was subject to the Passover.)
Prior events leading up to the Passover:
The Pharaoh of Egypt had kept the people of Israel captive and used them for slave labor and for whatever other purpose he wanted to. Moses asked Pharaoh to release them from captivity so that they may return to their own land and worship GOD. Pharaoh was indignant and didn't believe in the power of the God of Israel and so, he refused to release them. Nine times, Moses described in detail a plague that GOD would beset upon the land of Egypt unless the captives were set free.
1- the Nile River and all captive waters turned to blood
2- the land is plagued with frogs
3- the land is plagued with gnats
4- the homes are plagued with gadflies except where GOD's people stand
5- a pestilence upon the livestock of the Egyptians but not the Israelites (horses, camels, asses, herds and flocks)
6- boils with blisters upon man and beast in all the land
7- the land plagued by hail and lightning - - anyone touched by the hail would die
8- the land plagued by locusts so that the ground was not visible
9- the land plagued by darkness for 3 days except for the dwellings of the sons of Israel
The 10th plague was revealed by Moses to the people of Egypt and word of this plague made it back to the ears of Pharaoh. This plague was the death of all first-born, human or animal. The only protection against it, was for those who exercised faith in GOD to paint the upper part of the entrance doorway to their homes and the two door posts with the blood of a sacraficial sheep. On the evening of the 14th day of the month, GOD passes through the land of Egypt and strikes every first-born, both man and beast and HE executes judgments upon all the gods of Egypt. When HE sees the blood of the sheep on the door posts, He "passes over" that home and the plague does not strike them.
2 years ago